Coffee crisis : Climate change is a threat to coffee plantation.

Who doesn’t love a cup of coffee in their working desk? Coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the world. But a New Research finds that the world’s largest coffee-producing areas could shrink by a whopping 88 percent by 2050. Obviously, it is due to climate change.

David Roubik, an entomologist and senior staff scientist for ecology, analyzed how climate change will affect coffee growers, and the results aren’t good.

Challenges for coffee

Coffee grows under specific temperature, and in a specific location.  Which makes it vulnerable to shifting temperature. The growers will be forced to relocate to the higher altitudes or cooler places.

But it is not possible to recreate the same conditions.  You might end up with a similar temperature. But the different soil and rainfall are there.

Furthermore, in many parts of the world, relocation is simply not an option. For instance, countries like Nicaragua, Honduras, and Venezuela just aren’t mountainous enough, so farmers can’t really move higher.

 

These regions “are less mountainous, so that coffee and bees have fewer options to move uphill,” Taylor Ricketts, the director of the University of Vermont’s Gund Institute for Environment and a co-author of the recent study, told Business Insider.

This will threaten not only global coffee production but also the livelihood of many farmers.

 

The bee’s knees

coffee and bees
Coffee flower and bee — a match made in heaven. Photo by Lilibeth Serrano, USFWS

Bees are the unsung heroes of our daily meal. We often talk about the bee’s problem. The number of bees in the world going down year after year with no clear solution in sight. But we Don’t often consider bee problem as our problem.

Coffee dependent upon bee to pollinate it. So there is a strong connection between coffee and bee.

“Our results suggest that coffee-suitable areas will be reduced 73–88% by 2050 across warming scenarios, a decline 46–76% greater than estimated by global assessments,” the study reads.

What experts said about coffee crisis :

“Coffee is grown by roughly 25 million farmers in more than 60 tropical countries worldwide. In all, probably 100 million people are involved in its production, most of them rural and poor,” said Ricketts.

“Climate change threatens the primary livelihoods of millions of people.”

 

Journal Reference: Pablo Imbach et al. Coupling of pollination services and coffee suitability under climate change. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1617940114